Speech Language Therapy
Kids learn effective communication skills through life experiences and through play. However, children with developmental disabilities may need extra help.
Research demonstrates that speech and language therapy is extremely beneficial in the treatment of children with developmental disabilities. There are many evidenced-based intervention methods, such as articulation therapy, language intervention, social thinking/social skills intervention, and feeding/swallowing therapy. A speech language pathologist can provide children and their families with the necessary tools to maximize progress and success in the child’s communication development.
A child with a language delay or disorder may have difficulties with:
- Receptive Language – How a listener receives and understands a message from a communication partner.
- Expressive Communication – How one conveys wants, needs, and ideas to a communication partner by gesturing, speaking, writing, or signing.
- Non-verbal Communication – Appropriately using eye contact, facial expressions, and gestures.
A child with a speech delay or disorder may have difficulties with:
- Articulation – Pronouncing sounds, syllables, or words incorrectly to the point that others cannot understand what is being said.
- Fluency – Flow of speech is interrupted by repetitions or prolonged sounds.
- Voice – Pitch, volume, or vocal quality that distract listeners from the message.
- Phonological Awareness – Understanding different ways language can be divided into smaller components and manipulated.
A child with a social skills/pragmatic delay or disorder may have difficulties with:
- Joint Attention – Involves two people actively sharing attention with respect to an object or event.
- Play Skills – Allows a child to learn and practice new skills central to language development, while building confidence and competency.
- Reciprocal Conversation – Socially acceptable and meaningful communication between two or more people.
A child with a swallowing and/or feeding disorder may have difficulties with:
- Chewing or swallowing.
- Trying new/unfamiliar foods.